Glossary of Training Terms

Aerobic endurance

The ability of the heart and lungs, to work for a long period of time without tiring.

Aerobic exercise

Extended durations of training done at a low intensity


With oxygen


Without oxygen

Anaerobic exercise

Short durations of training done at high intensity

"off" a time

The start time of the next repetition

Active recovery

Recovering whilst moving at low intensity

Anaerobic threshold (AT)

The point lactic acid starts to accumulate in muscles


Measurement used to describe speed of revolution or cycle

Dynamic stretches

Stretching whilst moving

Feed station

Area where competitors can take a drink


Varying speeds, distances and intensities.

Hitting the wall

The point where a competitor can no longer proceed due to insufficient energy

Interval training

Brief bouts of high intensity movement followed by low intensity recovery period

Lactate threshold

The highest intensity rate which you can sustain (up to 30 mins) without building lactic acid

Metabolic rate

The body's energy expenditure per unit of time

Muscular endurance

The ability of a muscle/s to work without tiring

Negative split

Speed or intensity increase


Personal best


Periods of training


Combination of strength and speed.


Training method that builds in duration, distance or intensity and then reduces again.


A series of repetitions

Static recovery

Recovering whilst stationary

Static stretches

Stretching whilst stationary


A time given to a proportion of training or racing


Speed or intensity increase by a set distance


Pace of activity

TT (or time trial)

An individual’s race against the clock


The point that must be exceeded to begin producing a given effect or result.

Vo2 max

The highest rate at which oxygen can be taken up and used during exercise